By Sugata Bose
In addition to being a great contribution to Indian financial and social historical past, this publication attracts very important conclusions approximately peasant politics regularly and in regards to the results of overseas financial fluctuations on basic generating international locations. Dr Bose develops a normal typology of platforms of agrarian construction in Bengal to teach how those replied to forms of strain from the realm economic system, and treats intimately the consequences of the realm melancholy on Bengal. Separate chapters are dedicated to the topics of agrarian clash and non secular strife in east Bengal, the agrarian measurement of mass nationalism in west Bengal and sharecroppers agitations within the frontier areas. the realization makes an attempt a synthesis of the typology of agrarian social constitution and the periodisation of peasant politics, putting this within the wider context of agrarian societies and protest in different components of India and in South-east Asia.
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Additional info for Agrarian Bengal: Economy, Social Structure and Politics, 1919-1947
But there were disquieting reports from some areas of the de facto increase of khamar at the expense of raiyati land. De facto, because the method often employed by non-peasant rentiers as well as moneylenders and traders was to buy into raiyati rights. The Dacca settlement officer who observed this phenomenon with concern, especially in the regions of new development on the fringes of the Madhupur jungle, made clear the distinction between old barga lands as an adjunct to small peasant cultivation and new barga lands under moneylender-landords at the expense of peasant smallholding.
50 There was some interdistrict movement of agricultural labour in east Bengal as a consequence of the uneven levels of wealth and the slightly uneven crop cycles. Smallholders from Faridpur, Jessore and Tippera would cut paddy in Bakarganj and strip jute in Mymensingh. Dacca and Tippera display a well-established and elaborate system of labour exchange known as gnata. 52 49 Jack, Economic Life of a Bengal District, p. 84. 50 Ibid. 51 Dacca SR, pp. 20, 52. V. A. Khan, 'The Economics of a Bengal Village', Indian Journal of Economics, 6 (1926), pp.
In east Bengal the scale of inequalities did not produce a class dichotomy within the peasantry; differences in wealth and landholding sizes were fluid within what was basically a peasant smallholding structure. In west Bengal high grain prices during the late nineteenth century had initiated a process of differentiation which had led to the emergence of a small segment of rich peasants. These rich peasants operated in the product and credit markets as partners of the 39 Dacca SR (1910-17), p. 70; Faridpur SR (1904-14), p.
Agrarian Bengal: Economy, Social Structure and Politics, 1919-1947 by Sugata Bose