By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
This publication examines the usage of algae for the advance of important items and strategies with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and strategies, and the necessities to make those workable. Serving as an entire reference consultant to the creation of biofuels and different worth additional items from micro and macro algae, it covers a variety of points of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to giant scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for numerous items. it's authored and edited via revered global specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and offers the hottest and leading edge info on advancements within the box. during the last decade there was great concentration and similar literature at the program of algal biomass for the new release of novel techniques and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and approaches’ features a holistic method of significantly comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology while bearing in mind contemporary advances and development at the physique of information. facets of the results of destructive algae also are mentioned, in addition to the aptitude advertisement software of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel creation and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy assets equivalent to alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are lined. This e-book is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes excellent reference fabric for either early degree and tested researchers.
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Additional info for Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes
1991; Van Etten and Meints 1999; Wommack and Colwell 2000); and contamination by unwanted microalgae (Richmond 1990), fungi, and bacteria. The low peak alga concentration in a raceway accentuates the effects of predators and other unwanted 32 Y. Chisti microorganisms (Chisti 2012). Filtration of water may help reduce the frequency of certain types of infestations, but ﬁltration is expensive. The typically used microﬁltration does not prevent contamination with viruses (Chisti 2012). Management practices can be used to reduce the frequency of culture contamination and failure (Chisti 2012).
Improving mixing substantially would require prohibitively high input of energy. Mixing requires energy and installation of devices to reduce the energy dissipation associated with the turnaround of flow at the ends of a raceway actually reduces mixing (Mendoza et al. 2013a; Prussi et al. 2014). Other measures have been suggested for improving the energy efﬁciency of raceway ponds (Chiaramonti et al. 2013). Large-Scale Production of Algal Biomass: Raceway Ponds 27 Typically, the flow in raceways is characterized as being plug flow with little mixing occurring in the direction of flow.
Toxic marine phytoplankton, zooplankton grazers, and pelagic food webs. Limnology and Oceanography, 42, 1203–1214. , & Vos, M. (2011). Induced defenses in marine and freshwater phytoplankton: A review. Hydrobiologia, 668, 3–19. Van Etten, J. , Lane, L. , & Meints, R. H. (1991). Viruses and virus like particles of eukaryotic algae. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 55, 586–620. Van Etten, J. , & Meints, R. H. (1999). Giant viruses infecting algae. Annual Review of Microbiology, 53, 447–494.
Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes by Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti