By Judith A. Payne
During this first book-length research to check the hot novels of either Spanish the USA and Brazil, the authors deftly study the differing perceptions of ambiguity as they observe to questions of gender and the participation of women and men within the institution of Latin American narrative types. Their bold thesis: the Brazilian new novel constructed a extra radical shape than its better-known Spanish-speaking cousin since it had a considerably diverse method of the an important problems with ambiguity and gender and since such a lot of of its significant practitioners have been women.As a smart technique for assessing the canonical new novels from Latin the US, the coupling of ambiguity and gender permits Payne and Fitz to debate how borders--literary, prevalent, and cultural--are maintained, challenged, or crossed. Their conclusions remove darkness from the contributions of the recent novel when it comes to experimental constructions and narrative innovations in addition to the numerous roles of voice, subject, and language. utilizing Jungian thought and a poststructural optic, the authors additionally reveal how the Latin American new novel faces such common topics as fantasy, time, fact, and fact. possibly the main unique point in their learn lies in its research of Brazil's robust girl culture. right here, concerns comparable to replacement visions, contrasexuality, self-consciousness, and ontological hypothesis achieve new which means for the way forward for the unconventional in Latin America.With its comparative process and its many bilingual quotations, a"Ambiguity and Gender within the New Novel of Brazil and Spanish America"aoffers an enticing photo of the marked adjustments among the literary traditions of Portuguese-speaking and Spanish-speaking the USA and, hence, new insights into the designated mindsets of those linguistic cultures."
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Extra resources for Ambiguity and gender in the new novel of Brazil and Spanish America: a comparative assessment
Comparatively less tied to a tradition of an extrinsic mode of reference (one that uses society as the norm) and more accepting of the inevitable variety issuing from an intrinsic mode of reference (one that relies on individual perspectives), Brazilian literature has shown itself willing to challenge and efface boundaries that (as in the case of gender) have been maintained in Spanish America up to the time of Puig and Sarduy. 1 We also believe, in regard to the various binary oppositions used to sustain these borders (including the male/female opposition), that Brazil's unique literary and cultural history has made it more receptive to new, more language-conscious kinds of ambiguity and new, less conventional approaches to gender and voice.
It would, in fact, be impossible to consider the Brazilian new novel without discussing Lispector's work, which has played an essential role in the development of Brazilian narrative in the second half of the twentieth century. Rodríguez Monegal, while noting in El Boom de la novela latinoamericana that Brazil produced fewer boom novelists (yet implying that what it lacked in numbers it made up for in quality), names two exceptional members, João Guimarães Rosa, whom he has elsewhere decreed "Latin America's greatest novelist" ("João Guimarães Rosa," The Borzoi Anthology of Latin American Literature 2:679), and Clarice Lispector (93).
Machado's attitude about reality and its artistic representation is revealed Page 9 not only in a telling statement, "a realidade é boa, o Realismo é que não presta para nada" / "reality is good; realism is what isn't worth anything" (Obra Completa 1:56), but also in his sense of language as a symbolic system that, for however much it may or may not reflect or represent ''reality," always constitutes its own reality, one only arbitrarily connected to three-dimensional reality. Machado de Assis can be legitimately regarded not only as a "proto-postmodernist," 7 as John Barth says, but a precursor of poststructural aesthetics as well, with all the important implications this holds for treatments of gender in later Brazilian literature.
Ambiguity and gender in the new novel of Brazil and Spanish America: a comparative assessment by Judith A. Payne