By Kay Peggs (auth.)
Animals and Sociology demanding situations conventional assumptions concerning the nature of sociology. Sociology frequently centres on people; besides the fact that, different animals are all over in society.Kay Peggs explores the numerous contribution that sociology could make to our realizing of human kinfolk with different animals.
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Extra resources for Animals and Sociology
Such a view of human behaviour is generally rejected in sociology textbooks. As we saw in Chapter 1, Alger and Alger point to Animals and Biology as Destiny 23 what they call distancing concepts, such as ‘instinct’, that are used in textbooks to distinguish humans from other animals (2003, p. 81). For instance, Anthony Giddens and Mitchell Duneier claim that ‘Most biologists and sociologists agree that human beings do not possess instincts’ (2000, p. 51). It is arguable whether most biologists do agree with sociologists but it certainly seems, on the basis of what we have seen, that sociobiologists generally do not agree with sociologists.
Man is only man because he is civilized. To look for the causes and conditions on which civilization depends is therefore to look, as well, for the causes and conditions of what, in man, is most speciﬁcally human. This is how sociology, while drawing on psychology, which it cannot do without, brings to this, in a just return, a contribution that equals and exceeds in importance the services it receives from it. It is only through historical analysis that it is possible to understand what man is formed of: for it is only in the course of history that he has taken form.
This is extremely important as, Nibert notes, the ever spiralling drive for proﬁts results in the exploitation of humans as well as other animals; it is generally those humans who are afﬂuent and powerful who beneﬁt from the exploitation of others (2002, p. 94). In consequence, the oppression Animals, Social Inequalities and Oppression 39 of other animals is co-dependent on the oppression of humans with ‘each practice of exploitation enabling the other’ (Nibert, 2002, p. 95). The perception as ‘other’ is central to this process and practice because other animals are seen as ‘other’ than human, and devalued humans are seen as ‘other’ than valued humans.
Animals and Sociology by Kay Peggs (auth.)